Back to Ask the Diabetes Team Ask the Diabetes Team

What causes the adverse effects of diabetes? Does the high sugar content of the blood damage the body's cells from the outside or does the fact that not enough sugar gets into the cells damage them from the inside?


The short answer is that we don't know, but a full answer would fill a book. There is evidence that glucose can stick to proteins and cause damage that way on the outside of cells. There's also good reason to believe that more complex sugars like sorbitol (produced from glucose) are responsible for some damage. Other hormones such as growth hormone may also have a role to play. Basically there are many abnormal things happen to metabolism in diabetes and many are a lot worse in bad control. The only clear message is that good control reduces the risk.


Original posting 13 Nov 96


  Home Return to Top

Last Updated: Tuesday April 06, 2010 15:08:52
This Internet site provides information of a general nature and is designed for educational purposes only. If you have any concerns about your own health or the health of your child, you should always consult with a physician or other health care professional.

This site is published by T-1 Today, Inc. (d/b/a Children with Diabetes), a 501c3 not-for-profit organization, which is responsible for its contents.
By using this site, you agree to our Terms of Use, Legal Notice, and Privacy Policy.
© Children with Diabetes, Inc. 1995-2015. Comments and Feedback.