From Adelphi, Maryland, USA:
My granddaughters (ages two and four) both have type 1 diabetes. Are they more prone to develop other autoimmune diseases? Could they have polyglandular autoimmune syndrome?
The answer to both questions is "yes." Some autoimmune diseases are more commonly associated with type 1 diabetes (thyroid disease especially and now more evidence about celiac disease). In addition, other autoimmune diseases such as adrenal insufficiency, lupus, vitiligo, rheumatoid arthritis, and pernicious anemia can occur also.
The polyglandular autoimmune presentations can include those plus ovarian or testicular autoimmune inflammation in girls and boys, respectively, as well as a calcium imbalance (hypoparathyroidism). Affected individuals are at risk for recurrent fungal infections, generally of the skin and membranes.
Your granddaughter's diabetes team can give you more details and outline any potential screening plan. It generally is not terribly cost-effective to "screen" for most of these -- other than thyroid levels and perhaps celiac disease since the other conditions often can be looked for based on history and physical findings.
Original posting 26 Aug 2002
Posted to Other Illnesses
Last Updated: Tuesday April 06, 2010 15:09:38
This Internet site provides information of a general nature and is designed for educational purposes only. If you have any concerns about your own health or the health of your child, you should always consult with a physician or other health care professional.
This site is published by T-1 Today, Inc. (d/b/a Children with Diabetes), a 501c3 not-for-profit organization, which is responsible for its contents.
© Children with Diabetes, Inc. 1995-2015. Comments and Feedback.