From St. Augustine, Florida, USA:
Could you please explain the relationship between food and ketones? I have been told that ketones are not caused by food, but lack of insulin. If your food to insulin ratio was miscalculated, then couldn't ketones appear?
Ketones appear when there is a a relative or absolute lack of insulin. They are the result of the effect of the so-called counterregulatory hormones (epinephrine/adrenaline, growth hormone, sex hormones, cortisol) on the breakdown of fat to provide an alternative fuel. Thus, ketones appear when insulin has not been given or when the body's demand for extra fuel is not being met by availability of glucose (this requires a balance of food and insulin). This is a gross oversimplification, but to answer your secondary question, you won't increase ketone production by modestly miscalculating how much insulin to give for a given quantity of carbohydrate.
Last Updated: Tuesday April 06, 2010 15:09:58
This Internet site provides information of a general nature and is designed for educational purposes only. If you have any concerns about your own health or the health of your child, you should always consult with a physician or other health care professional.
This site is published by T-1 Today, Inc. (d/b/a Children with Diabetes), a 501c3 not-for-profit organization, which is responsible for its contents. Our mission is to provide education and support to families living with type 1 diabetes.
© Children with Diabetes, Inc. 1995-2017. Comments and Feedback.