Who Is At Risk For Type 2 Diabetes?
Many people who develop type 2 diabetes blame themselves because they are overweight or obese. But being diagnosed with either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes is not someone's fault. Many people oversimplify diabetes by saying it's caused by eating too much sugar. But obesity is partly caused by a person's genes and partly by their environment. None of us can control our genes and few of us can control our environment. Schools serve children junk food and don't give children enough time during the day to exercise and be active. Workplaces do the same - people sit at desks all day eating food from nearby vending machines. Too many people find it hard to live healthy, active lives.
Type 2 diabetes is more likely to develop in people who have any of these risk factors:
- Have a parent, grandparent, brother or sister with diabetes
- Are over 40 years of age
- Are overweight
- Have high blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Have acanthosis nigrican - darkening of the skin at the neck and arm pits
- Have Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (women and girls)
- Had diabetes during a pregnancy
- Had a baby who weighed more than 9 pounds at birth
- Are African-American, Hispanic/Latino, or Native American
Research is being done to learn if type 2 diabetes can be prevented in people with a higher genetic risk for developing the disease. Research shows that regular exercise and staying at a healthy weight may prevent or delay many cases of type 2 diabetes.
People who have any of the risk factors for type 2 diabetes can take an online risk test. Depending on the outcome of the risk test, a blood test may be required. The American Diabetes Association has an online Risk Test to see if you are at risk for having or developing type 2 diabetes.
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Last Updated: Saturday April 20, 2013 13:31:34
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